Eleven Different Types of Epilepsy.

With there being over  six million people in the United States  that have epilepsy and over 60 million people world wide that have epilepsy 80% of the  other people in the United States and around the world have no idea of what epilepsy even is. Epilepsy is a seizure disorder that affects the central nervous system of the brain, When  the central nervous system is disrupted a seizure will come upon the person that has epilepsy and there are eleven different styles/forms of epilepsy. Besides the eleven different forms of epilepsy there are also epilepsy syndromes as well during Infant Epilepsy and these syndromes are either Idiopathic which is genetic or Symptomatic which is of an unknown cause or underlying brain damage or even disease. The eleven different forms of epilepsy and epilepsy syndromes are as follows: West Syndrome, Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome,  Child Absence Epilepsy, Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy, Landau-Kleffner Syndrome, Benign Rolandic Epilepsy, Rasmussen’s Encephalitis Syndrome, Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy, Temporal lobe Epilepsy, Frontal lobe Epilepsy, and Reflex Epilepsy. Types of epilepsy range from Benign to Severe. West Syndrome is characterized by infantile spasms or clusters of Myoclonic jerks causing the body to lurch forward, with newborn’s arms are bent or extended either of the  two. Lennox-Gastaut syndrome  usually starts around eight years old and can be difficult to treat for there are mixed  types of seizures that occur at night while asleep. Childhood epilepsy is better known as  peti-mal epilepsy  and only accounts for only 4%  of epilepsy in children between the ages of 3-10 years old.  Juvenile Myoclonic epilepsy known as Janz’ syndrome begins at puberty and includes  impulsive Peti-mal and Myolonic seizures. Benign Rolandic Epilepsy also known as Benign Partial Epilepsy account for at least 1/3 of epilepsy in children  these seizures usually occur at night while asleep which involves drooling, inability to speak and can led to convulsion, it is said that 95% of children with this type of epilepsy will either outgrow it by the age of 15 or start a different type of epilepsy. The next form is called Landau-Kleffner syndrome which is a rare disorder which begins between the ages of 3-7 years old, this type of epilepsy brings on seizures that affect speech patterns and then lose them. Another rare condition is Rasmussen’s Encephalitis syndrome that affects half the brain, producing seizures and affecting control of the opposite side of the body.  The last rare form of epilepsy is Myoclonic Epilepsy, which includes jerking and leads into a grand-mal seizure. Temporal Lobe Epilepsy exist in the temporal lobe of the brain which can bring on complex, partial and Generalized Tonic-Clonic Seizures.  Frontal Lobe Epilepsy consists in the frontal lobe of the brain, produces weakness, inability to use certain parts of the body including speech. This type of epilepsy brings on  2nd and 3rd degree partial seizures  and generalized tonic-clonic seizures as well at times. Reflex Epilepsy  is the easiest to understand for the seizures exists of peti-mal seizures and are usually caused by flashing lights, strobe light or altering patterns of both light and dark.


Male , Born 8/29/1968, adopted at 6 months old, raised in Ridgecrest California and born with the disability of epilepsy. Had both petit-mal and Grand-mal seizures until the age of 46 years of age then I started having 3rd degree partial seizures instead of Grand-mal seizure and petit-mal as well.

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